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【转载】权威解读2021—2023农机购置补贴政策
来源(yuan): | 作者:容大科技 | 发布(bu)时间: 2021-04-09 | 4080 次浏览 | 分(fen)享到:

3月(yue)12日,农(nong)业农(nong)村部(bu)办(ban)公厅、财政(zheng)部(bu)办(ban)公厅印发了《2021—2023年农(nong)机(ji)购(gou)置补贴实(shi)(shi)施指(zhi)导意(yi)见》(以下简称《意(yi)见》),对新一(yi)轮农(nong)机(ji)购(gou)置补贴政(zheng)策实(shi)(shi)施工(gong)作作出了全(quan)面(mian)部(bu)署(shu)。近日,两部(bu)有关司局负责人就(jiu)《意(yi)见》的主要精神要求和贯彻落(luo)实(shi)(shi)有关问(wen)题(ti)接(jie)受了记者(zhe)专题(ti)采访。

  记(ji)者:农机购置(zhi)补贴政策实施以来(lai)取得(de)了怎样的成效?

  答:农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机购置(zhi)(zhi)补(bu)(bu)贴是党中央、国务院出台(tai)的(de)(de)一项(xiang)重要的(de)(de)强农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)惠农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)富农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)政(zheng)策,是《农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)机械化促进法》明确规定的(de)(de)重要扶持(chi)(chi)措施。2004年政(zheng)策出台(tai)以(yi)来,支(zhi)持(chi)(chi)强度逐渐加大(da),惠及范围不断(duan)扩大(da),政(zheng)策效(xiao)果持(chi)(chi)续(xu)显(xian)现(xian)。截至2020年底,中央财政(zheng)累计投入2392亿元,扶持(chi)(chi)3800多万(wan)(wan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民和农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)生(sheng)产经营组织购置(zhi)(zhi)各(ge)类(lei)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机具4800多万(wan)(wan)台(tai)(套)。党的(de)(de)十八大(da)以(yi)来,中央财政(zheng)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机购置(zhi)(zhi)补(bu)(bu)贴资金(jin)大(da)幅(fu)增加,累计投入1863亿元,年均超(chao)过200亿元,扶持(chi)(chi)2459万(wan)(wan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民和农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)生(sheng)产经营组织购置(zhi)(zhi)各(ge)类(lei)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机具3157万(wan)(wan)台(tai)(套)。

  农(nong)机(ji)购置补(bu)贴(tie)政策的(de)实施,支持推动了(le)我国农(nong)机(ji)装(zhuang)备水(shui)平和农(nong)业机(ji)械化水(shui)平的(de)大幅度提升,为(wei)增(zeng)强(qiang)农(nong)业综合生产能力、保障国家粮食安全(quan)、增(zeng)加农(nong)民收入提供(gong)了(le)强(qiang)有力的(de)支撑(cheng)。

  一是推动了农(nong)业(ye)机(ji)械(xie)化(hua)快速发展。农(nong)机(ji)装(zhuang)备(bei)总量持续增(zeng)长,农(nong)机(ji)化(hua)水(shui)平快速提高(gao)。2020年(nian),全国(guo)农(nong)机(ji)总动力(li)10.3亿千瓦,农(nong)机(ji)保有量2.04亿台(tai)(套),分(fen)别较2003年(nian)增(zeng)长72%和(he)63%。全国(guo)农(nong)作物(wu)耕(geng)种收综合机(ji)械(xie)化(hua)率71%,较2003年(nian)提高(gao)39个百(bai)分(fen)点,小麦、水(shui)稻、玉米(mi)等(deng)主(zhu)要(yao)农(nong)作物(wu)耕(geng)种收综合机(ji)械(xie)化(hua)率均(jun)(jun)已超(chao)过(guo)80%;畜牧养(yang)殖、水(shui)产养(yang)殖、设施农(nong)业(ye)、农(nong)产品初加工机(ji)械(xie)化(hua)率分(fen)别达到(dao)36%、31%、40%和(he)39%,均(jun)(jun)较2003年(nian)大幅提升。

  二(er)是(shi)促进了农(nong)机工业(ye)(ye)发展壮大(da)。2020年(nian),全国(guo)规模以上农(nong)机企业(ye)(ye)1615家,实(shi)现主营业(ye)(ye)务收入2533亿元,分别较2003年(nian)增长10%和236%。适应我国(guo)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)生产的农(nong)机工业(ye)(ye)体系逐步完善(shan),我国(guo)已成为世界(jie)农(nong)机制造和使用(yong)大(da)国(guo)。

  三是加快(kuai)了(le)(le)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)生产性服(fu)(fu)务(wu)业(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)展。2020年,全国农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)服(fu)(fu)务(wu)组(zu)织19.46万(wan)个,其中农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)合(he)作(zuo)社7.89万(wan)个,占比超过(guo)40%;农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)户4008万(wan)个,其中农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)(ye)服(fu)(fu)务(wu)专业(ye)(ye)(ye)户423.2万(wan)个;农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)(ye)服(fu)(fu)务(wu)收入达到3540亿元,较2003年增长80%,农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)社会化服(fu)(fu)务(wu)成为农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)生产性服(fu)(fu)务(wu)业(ye)(ye)(ye)的主力军、排头兵。跨区作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)(ye)、生产托管等服(fu)(fu)务(wu)不(bu)断扩(kuo)大(da),农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)(ye)规模化、专业(ye)(ye)(ye)化程度越来(lai)越高,支撑了(le)(le)其他农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)经营组(zu)织的发(fa)展,在推进(jin)小农(nong)(nong)户与现代农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)展有(you)机(ji)(ji)衔(xian)接中发(fa)挥了(le)(le)重要桥梁(liang)作(zuo)用(yong)。